Back Pain In Women: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

by Administrator 25. April 2016 12:02

Back pain is the most common medical condition affecting both men and women. However, females may experience the problem of backache more frequently and severely, particularly in lower back - the lumbosacral region. The condition may also involve pain in the shoulders, arms and legs depending on the part of the spine affected.

Causes:

  • Age group: Females above the age of 30 years are more likely to experience back pain. This may be due to the loss of calcium from the bones after the 30s in females.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnancy adds approximately 11 kg of weight in 9 months of its course which puts the pressure on the lumbar spine leading to back pain.
  • Menstruation: The menstrual cycle may be accompanied with lower backache, commonly forming part of Dysmenorrhea.
  • Strain: Over/improper usage or stretching of the back muscles, particularly in the lower back, may cause spasmodic pain. Bad posture contributes maximum to this cause.
  • Soft tissue injury: This may be a result of a fall or stretching of muscles. It may be acute (less than 3 month duration) or chronic (more than 3 month duration).
  • Bone density: This may decrease with age as bones may start to lose calcium. Other reasons for low bone density may include spine infections, fractures or deformities. Lesser the bone density, more will be the pressure on the spine which may lead to backache.
  • Osteoporosis: It is a condition in which the bones undergo gradual degeneration, causing bone thinning.
  • Degenerative conditions: This includes conditions like Spondylosis and Degenerative Arthritis (Osteoarthritis). These changes mainly occur because as with increasing age the water and protein content of the body undergoes changes which results in weak, fragile bones.
  • Disc Prolapse: This is most common with the posterior intervertebral discs. Postural defects and increasing age may cause the disc to bulge out of its normal position putting an intense pressure on the nerve and leading to sharp pain.
  • Nerve irritation: This may be due to disc prolapse or traumatic injury causing disc to herniate. It may be a result of heavy weight lifting and bad postures.
  • Traumatic Injuries: This include fracture of the spine vertebrae. These may occur either due to accidents, or due to weak, fragile osteoporotic bone where a minimal stress may result in breakage of bone. Such fractures are most common in elderly in sacrum region of spine.

Symptoms:

  • Pain: It is the most common presentation. However, the intensity, frequency and area affected may differ completely depending on the cause associated. It may vary from radiating, severe pain (typically in traumatic and degenerative injuries) to mild, non-radiating pain (experienced in pregnancy or due to bad posture)
  • Stiffness, discomfort and tiredness.

Treatment:

Depending upon the cause, severity, and frequency of the symptoms, the doctor may recommend following modes of treatment.

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs or Analgesics may be prescribed to patients with mild backache or for temporary relief of the symptoms.
  • Surgical Procedures: Surgery may be needed for back pain caused due to Herniated Disc, tumor, fracture etc.
  • Exercise: It may help to strengthen the back muscles and prevent backache due to bad posture or strain.
  • Physiotherapy: It may be helpful in releasing pressure and improving flexibility of the spine.

Dr. Guess, a leading spine surgeon in Carrollton, TX, provides effective treatment for acute and chronic back pain. To schedule an appointment, you can call at (972) 492 – 1334.

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