Orthopedic Treatment For Sciatica

by Administrator 19. August 2014 11:23

Sciatica refers to a condition characterized by pain radiating along the trail of Sciatic nerve, the longest nerve in the human body, which begins from the lower back and goes down to the legs through the hips. Normally, Sciatica pain is felt in only one side of the body.

Causes

The irritation in the Sciatic nerve is the main cause of Sciatica and is most commonly a result of a slipped disc. Some other possible factors that can lead to Sciatica are given below.

  • Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: This condition involves the contraction of spinal canal at the lower back.
  • Spinal Disc Herniation: This involves the collapse of discs that serve as a bolster between the vertebrae.
  • Spondylolisthesis: This particular condition involves the slipping of one vertebra over the other.
  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction: this condition is caused due to improper posture, sleeping in fetal position excessive sitting time in chairs, insufficient exercise and stretching.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnancy can be a reason for Sciatica pain due to the pressure of uterus on the sciatic nerve, changes in posture and muscular tension owing to carrying the extra weight of fetus. 

Other common factors may include lack of physical exercise, overweight, wearing high heels for long durations or sleeping on a hard mattress.

Symptoms

Some common symptoms of Sciatica are given below.

  • Pain in leg and hips that worsens with long sitting hours
  • Tingling or burning sensation in the leg
  • Difficulty in the movement of foot and leg
  • Weakness and numbness
  • Constant pain on one side of the hips
  • Shooting pain while trying to stand up
  • In extreme cases, symptoms may also include loss of bladder or bowel control

For some people the pain in Sciatica can be infrequent and tolerable while for others it might be severe and frequent.

Diagnosis and Treatment

While screening for Sciatica, the doctor takes medical history and observes the patient’s legs, hips and back to test for reflexes, strength, flexibility and sensation. Certain other tests can also be done such as X ray, CT scan, MRI Scan and Electromyogram to find out more details about the condition.

All the treatment options of Sciatica are aimed at releasing inflammation and pressure. Mostly, it can be treated by anti-inflammatory medicines, steroid injections or physiotherapy. In severe cases, the patient might need a surgery which is only advised after thorough tests and examination.

You can visit the spine specialist for in-depth consultation.

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