Orthopedic Treatment For Scoliosis

by Administrator 22. September 2014 11:21

Scoliosis is an orthopedic condition that causes the spine to develop an abnormal sideways curve and most commonly occurs just before the onset of puberty. Also, scoliosis is more common in girls than boys. The condition is mostly mild; however, some children can form abnormalities that continue for life. Severe scoliosis can even be disabling and can affect the proper functioning of lungs.

Causes

Scoliosis can be classified into various types that are caused due to different factors. These are:

  • Congenital scoliosis: This is caused due to some bone deformity present at the time of birth.
  • Degenerative scoliosis: It may be a result of a major back surgery, a traumatic bone collapse (either due to injury or illness), or osteoporosis.
  • Neuromuscular scoliosis: It is a result of abnormality of nerves and muscles. This type of scoliosis is often seen in people with cerebral palsy, spina bifida or paralysis.
  • Idiopathic scoliosis: This is the most common type and has no specific cause. However, idiopathic scoliosis is believed to be inherited.

Symptoms

  • Uneven shoulders- one of them being higher than the other.
  • One shoulder blade becomes more noticeable than the other
  • Asymmetrical waist
  • One hip being higher than the other
  • Clothes not fitting properly
  • Body may lean to either left or ride side
  • Back pain, in rare cases
  • Weakness and numbness in the legs
  • Bowel incontinence- inability to control bowel movement
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Erectile dysfunction in males

Treatment

  • Braces: This is the most preferred treatment option for people who have a spinal curvature between 25 – 40 degrees. Braces are used to stop the advancement of the deformity. It may provide transitory relief, but the spine may curve again once the bracing is removed.
  • Surgery: In case of severe scoliosis, the spine surgeon may suggest the patient to undergo a surgery to prevent the curve from worsening. Spinal fusion is the most common type of surgery for scoliosis. In this, the surgeon joins two or more bones in spine so that they always move together. Metal rods, wires, screws and hooks are used to hold the spine in an upright position while the two bones fuse with each other. However, surgery can be performed only after the adolescents’ bones have stopped growing.

For complete diagnosis and treatment of scoliosis, you can consult Dr. Guess at OrthoTexas, Carrollton TX. To schedule an appointment, call at (972) 492 - 1334.

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