Sports Injuries To The Spine

by Administrator 23. February 2015 10:49

The spine is a complex structure composed of vertebrae, nerves, tissues and ligaments. It helps to provide stability and balance to the body. Sports injuries to the spine can occur either as a result of accidents on the field, improper training, not wearing protective gear or overuse of the muscles. These injuries can either be acute or chronic and can affect the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine.

Given below are the common sports related injuries to the spine:

Sprains and Strains

Sprains and strains to the spinal muscles or ligaments are very common injuries while playing sports. They mainly occur due to improper use of sports techniques, wrong exercises, and no warm up, poor body stamina or excessive muscle stretching. Treatment may include taking proper rest, applying ice pack at the affected area, refraining from participating in sports activities for some time, medications and physical therapy.

Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolysis occurs when there is a defect in the joining of the spinal vertebrae. Spondylolisthesis is an orthopedic condition involving a displacement of one vertebra in the spine over another. These injuries are commonly seen in sportspersons requiring stretching or twisting movements of the spine, such as gymnasts. The athlete suffers from acute pain in the back which increases increases while trying to bend or turn. Treatment options for Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis may include anti-inflammatory medications, stretching and range of motion exercises and wearing braces to support the back.

Stinger

Stinger is a sports injury to the nerves in the cervical spine and commonly occurs during sports collision and contact sports. The athlete may experience a stinging pain that radiates from the shoulder to the arm. Treatment options for stinger mainly include taking rest, applying heat or ice, avoiding activities that strain the arm, anti-inflammatory medications, wearing a sling or brace to support the arm and shoulder.

Scheuermann's Disease

The pain associated with Scheuermann's Disease is usually felt in the middle back. Also known as juvenile kyphosis, in this condition the athlete starts to develop a hunched back that appears like an arch when bending forward. The condition can be treated with extension exercises or wearing support braces. However if the condition is severe the surgeon may recommend surgery.

For complete diagnosis and treatment for sports injuries to the spine, visit Dr. Guess in Carrollton, TX. To schedule an appointment with the spine specialist, you can call at (972) 492 – 1334.

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